The Furcifer pardalis or panther chameleon is the main species that can be found on the island. However, other species of chameleons are also present. Among them, we find the famous Brookesia minima characterized by its very small size.
It is one of the largest chameleons. The sexual dimorphism is very marked in this species of chameleons. Males can measure up to 50 cm while females are smaller and can measure up to 35 cm. Females are often grey, beige and brown while males are more brightly coloured.
Among the numerous lizards present on the island, we can distinguish about ten species of geckos: phelsuma as well as the gecko uroplatus henkeli which is distinguished by its leaf tail.
The Phelsuma laticauda, called in the Mascarene Islands “margouillat” is very recognizable with its bright green color, red spots on the lower back and a turquoise blue surrounding its eyes.
The Zonosaurus madagascariensis, in Malagasy “antalahibôsy” with its adult size of about 30 cm is the biggest lizard of the island.
The Leioheterodon madagascariensis
The boa of Madagascar
The Sanzinia madagascariensis called in Malagasy “dô” is a tree boa. It measures up to 2 metres.
It is a hunter that positions itself and waits. The boa sniffs out its prey, it has small heat-sensitive sensors around its mouth that allow it to detect the temperature of its prey.
Unlike the Malagasy snake, the Sanzinia boa is a constrictor, meaning that it suffocates its prey before eating them.